Dr. Tommaso Virgili

Programme Manager


Tommaso Virgili works on a number of research projects relating to foreign policy, radicalisation and Islam. He has previously held posts at the European External Action Service (covering Egypt, Syria, Lebanon and Jordan), the Middle East Forum in Philadelphia and the Italian Permanent Mission to the United Nations in New York. Tommaso holds a Master’s degree in Law from Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies in Pisa and a Master's degree in Middle East and Islamic Studies from the American University of Paris and Cairo. He holds a PhD in Comparative Law focused on Islamic Constitutionalism, Sharia and Human Rights from Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies.
Email: tommaso.virgili [AT]

Analysis & Events


Freedom and democracy in Islam: a Gordian knot?

EFD Researcher Tommaso Virgili writes about the issue of democracy and individual freedoms in Islam. According to Virgili, while certain concepts of the Islamic doctrine, as interpreted by Islamists and orthodox scholars, are incompatible with the tenets of a liberal democracy, the view offered by liberal Muslims may untie the Gordian knot.


The “Arab Spring” and the EU’s “Democracy Promotion” in Egypt: A Missed Appointment?

EFD researcher Tommaso Virgili reviews the European partnership with Egypt under the European Neighbourhood Policy, in order to assess the effectiveness of the EU policy in the promotion of democratisation and human rights, hinged on the use of positive and negative conditionality.

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